Development of Collaborative Skills Scale: Reliability and Validity


  • Sakshi Chopra Senior Research Fellow, Department of Education, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, India
  • Amit Kauts Professor, Department of Education, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, India



Pre-service teachers, Collaborative skills., Exploratory Factor Analysis


This study aims to develop a collaborative skills scale for pre-service teachers. A total of 308 pre-service teachers of three different colleges in Amritsar (Punjab) participated in the study. After preparing a pool of items, the researchers employed an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and a principal component matrix (PCA) with varimax rotation. After performing EFA, 12 items were excluded out of 35. Three factors of Knowledge Negotiation, Social Interactions and Positive Interdependence were extracted. The final scale consists of 23 items. The overall Cronbach alpha coefficient for the scale was 0.73. Validity of the scale was determined using Face and Content validity. Thus, the total score for each item ranges from 1 to 5, whereas the total score of the collaborative skills scale ranges from 1 to 115. Higher scores reveal a higher degree of collaboration skills, whereas lower scores reveal a lower degree of collaboration skills.


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How to Cite

Chopra, S., & Kauts, A. (2023). Development of Collaborative Skills Scale: Reliability and Validity. MIER Journal of Educational Studies Trends and Practices, 13(1), 81–97.





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