University Student Engagement Scale: Development and Validation in Indian Context


  • Savita Gupta Professor, Faculty of Education, Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar, India
  • Renu Nagpal Research Scholar, Faculty of Education, Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar, India



Student Engagement, University Students, Scale Development, Factor Analysis


In academic achievement, student engagement is considered a prime factor to enhance motivation among students. Student engagement is a constructive approach that refers to the level of concentration, inquisitiveness, and enthusiasm that students demonstrate when they learn. The study aims to elucidate the development of a three-dimensional construct of student engagement based on psycho-education oriented measures such as behavioural, cognitive and emotional engagement. Data from 470 students studying in science, humanities, and engineering streams from different universities of Punjab, was collected via random sampling technique. The factor analysis of the scale reveals that 31 items had three factors, behavioural, cognitive, and affective engagement. Good internal reliability (????=0.889) and adequate convergent and discriminant validities are reported, which establishes good psychometric properties of the scale.


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How to Cite

Gupta, S., & Nagpal, R. (2021). University Student Engagement Scale: Development and Validation in Indian Context. MIER Journal of Educational Studies Trends and Practices, 11(2), 223–235.


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