A Study on Academic Achievement in Relation to Learning Styles of Senior Secondary School Students


  • Rajkumar B. Nanaware Asst Prof. Dept of PG Studies in Education and Research, R V Teachers College (IASE), Bangalore, India https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0224-6496
  • Chandrakant Baviskar Professor and Head, School of Educational Science, Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University, Nanded (MH)




Learning Style, Academic Performance, Secondary School Students


A learner's capacity to acquire and process information in a learning environment is their "learning style". One of the essential applications of learning styles is that teachers may easily incorporate them into their instructional strategies. Students learn in various ways; amongst the rest, the visual, auditory, and kinaesthetic (VAK) are the most prominent. This endeavour aims to identify secondary students' preferred sensory modalities for learning and analyse the association between academic achievement and learning style subscales. The study included 100 students selected using simple random sampling from Karnataka's class 8th and 9th grades secondary school students. Findings reveal that the predominant sensory modality of learning was aural and more prevalent than visual and kinaesthetic learning (34%). The relationship between learning style and academic success is statistically significant (p< 0.05). The main effects of the three variables - visual, auditory and kinaesthetic are also substantial on academic achievement. The female students were more dominant in the blend of all (Collaborative) learning styles.


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Nanaware, R. B., & Baviskar, C. (2023). A Study on Academic Achievement in Relation to Learning Styles of Senior Secondary School Students. MIER Journal of Educational Studies Trends and Practices, 13(1), 180–192. https://doi.org/10.52634/mier/2023/v13/i1/2357





Almigbal, T. H. (2015). Relationship between the learning style preferences of medical students and academic achievement. Saudi Medical Journal, 36(3), 349–355. https://doi.org/10.15537/smj.2015.3.10320

Awang, H., Abd Samad, N., Mohd Faiz, N. S., Roddin, R., & Kankia, J. D. (2017). Relationship between the learning styles preferences and academic achievement. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 226, 012193. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/226/1/012193

Bakar, Z. A., & Ali, R. (2016). Learning style construct in Student's learning. Mimbar Pendidikan, 1(2), 213. https://doi.org/10.17509/mimbardik.v1i2.3933

Brown, T., Zoghi, M., Williams, B., Jaberzadeh, S., Roller, L., Palermo, C., McKenna, L., Wright, C., Baird, M., Schneider-Kolsky, M., Hewitt, L., Sim, J., & Holt, T.-A. (2009). Are learning style preferences of health science students predictive of their attitudes towards e- learning? Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 25(4). https://doi.org/10.14742/ajet.112

Demirbas, O. O., & Demirkan, H. (2007). Learning styles of design students and the relationship of academic performance and gender in design education. Learning and Instruction, 17(3), 345–359. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2007.02.007

Espinoza-Poves, J. L., Miranda-Vílchez, W. A., & Chafloque-Cespedes, R. (2019). The Vark Learning Styles among University Students of Business Schools. Propositos y Representaciones, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.20511/pyr2019.v7n2.254

Greb, F. (1999). Learning style preferences of fifth through twelfth grade students. Prentice Hall.

Leung, A., & Sabiston, D. (2018). VARK learning styles and student performance in principles of micro-vs. macroeconomics. Journal of Economics and Economic Education Research, 15(3), 113-120.

Li, Y., Medwell, J., Wray, D., Wang, L., & Xiaojing, L. (2016). Learning styles: A review of validity and usefulness. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 4(10). https://doi.org/10.11114/jets.v4i10.1680

Nwajiuba, C. A., & Onyeneke, R. U. (2023). Understanding the Z-generation learner for contemporary teaching in Nigerian universities. Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, 15(3), 840–851. https://doi.org/10.1108/JARHE-05-2022-0148

Timisina, P. P., Tschewang, U., Tshering, N., Sherab, R., Dawa, K., Dorji, T., & Tashi, P. (2021). Preferred learning style of students of Nangkor central school, Bhutan. Journal of the International Society for Teacher Education, 25(1), 35–47. https://doi.org/10.26522/jiste.v25i1.3659

Urval, R. P., Kamath, A., Ullal, S., Shenoy, A. K., Shenoy, N., & Udupa, L. A. (2014). Assessment of learning styles of undergraduate medical students using the VARK questionnaire and the influence of sex and academic performance. Advances in Physiology Education, 38(3), 216–220. https://doi.org/10.1152/advan.00024.2014

Willis, S. (2017). Literature review on the use of VAK learning strategies. The STEP Journal of Student Teacher Perspectives, 4(2), 90–94.