Main Article Content


The study attempts to assess the way choice of the stream (Science, Commerce and Humanities) influences the demand for private tutoring among senior secondary school students. This paper also explores the reasons for seeking private tuition. Results draw out why students of some streams do not go for private tuition while private tuition has become a necessity for students in other streams. Data is collected from 150 participants to assess the nature of private tutoring. Student interviews from different streams were conducted to determine the reasons behind attending private tuition. The findings reveal a huge demand for private tuition among science and commerce students. On the other hand, negligible demand for tutoring among humanities students was found. Highly competitive examinations as the selection criteria for admission to institutes of higher education and complex as well as lengthy syllabi in the science stream came out as important factors for the high prevalence of tutoring among science stream participants. Apart from this, parents’ influence, social trends, and achievements of seniors and elders are also reasons for the steep difference in tutoring rates among participants of the science and humanities stream.


Private Tutoring Science, Commerce and Humanities Stream Institutes of Higher Education

Article Details

How to Cite
Tomar, P. (2022). Why I Don’t Need Private Tuition?. MIER Journal of Educational Studies Trends and Practices, 12(2), 205–222.


  1. Azam, M. (2016). Private tutoring: Evidence from India. Review of Development Economics, 20(4), 739-761.
  2. Bhorkar, S., & Bray, M. (2018). The expansion and roles of private tutoring in India: From supplementation to supplantation. International Journal of Educational Development, 62, 148-156.
  3. Bray, M. (2014). The impact of private tutoring on student academic achievement: Why the research is inconclusive and what can be done about it. Asia Pacific Educ. Rev, 15, 381-389.
  4. Bray, M., & Lykins, C. (2011). Private tutoring: Private Supplementary Tutoring and Its Implications for Policy Makers in Asia. CERC Monograph Series in Comparative and International Education and Development, 9.
  5. Brehm, W., & Silova, I. (2014). Hidden privatization of public education in Cambodia: Equity implications of private tutoring. Journal for educational research online, 6, 94-116.
  6. Chingtham, T. (2015). Necessary Evils of Private Tuition: A Case Study. IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education, 5(2), 6-11.
  7. Chugh, S. (2011). Dropout in secondary education: A study of children living in slums of Delhi. New Delhi: National University of Educational Planning and Administration.
  8. Dang, H., & Rogers, F. H. (2008). How to interpret the growing phenomenon of private tutoring: Human capital deepening, inequality increasing, or waste of resources? policy research working paper 4530. Washington DC: The World Bank.
  9. Ghosh, P., & Bray, M. (2020). School systems as breeding grounds for private tutoring: Factors contributing to private supplementary tutoring in West Bengal. European Journal of Education, 55.
  10. Ghoshal, T. (2018). Role performance of private tutors and school teachers with regard to their quality of instruction, mode of behaviour, sincerity & subject knowledge. International Journal of Current Research, 10(10), 74364-74367.
  11. Kulkarni, T. (2016). The widening class divide. Retrieved from
  12. Lambert, K., & Spinath, B. (2014). Do we need a special intervention program for children with mathematical learning disabilities or is private tutoring sufficient. Journal For Educational Research Online, 6, 68-93.
  13. Punjabi, S. (2020). Is Private tutoring Becoming the ‘New’ Formal? Effects of Pedagogical Approaches of IIT-JEE Coaching on School Education in the City of Delhi. Contemporary Education Dialogue, 17(1), 14-44.
  14. Sen, A. (2009). Introduction - Primary Schooling in West Bengal. The Pratichi education report, 2, 9-18.
  15. Stevenson, D. L., & Baker, D. P. (1992). Private tutoring and allocation in formal schooling: Transition to university in Japan. American Journal of Sociology, 97(6), 1639-1657.
  16. Sujatha, K. (2014). Private tuition in India: Trends and issues. Revue International d’Education de Sevres. Retrieved from
  17. Zhang, W. (2014). The demand for private tutoring in China: Mainstream teachers and power relations. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 34(4), 436-454.